DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) requested $1.6B for surveys, investigations, and research.
The Federal Priority Streamgage (FPS) network, a subset of the National Streamgaging Network, “…includes more than 4,700 sites identified as valuable for streamflow and related data collection to address long-term Federal needs, such as drought and flood forecasting, interstate and international water compacts and decrees, and tracking sentinel trends.
In FY 2021, the USGS estimates it will have to discontinue up to 29 streamgages due to rising operational costs of the network. In FY 2022, an additional 58 streamgages will be at risk for discontinuation if we are not able to get partners to assist in covering more costs within the FPS. The requested increase would ensure the continued operation of approximately 3,470 streamgages in the FPS Network.
Furthermore, the USGS would implement enhancements that increase the resiliency of the FPS network (e.g., flood-hardening sites) and ensure sites meet requirements for successful data collection and transmission (e.g., cyclical equipment upgrades for monitoring, telecommunication, and data transmission).”
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) requested $3.6B to guide adaptive management of resources and species recovery activities, as well as improve resilience to changing temperatures, water levels, and weather patterns.
U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Water and Related Resources requested $1.38B for management, development, and restoration of water and related natural resources.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA)
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) requested $5B, with $886M for Conservation Operations which includes $16M for Snow Surveys and $84M for Soil Surveys within the Resource Inventory and Assessment program.
“[T]he Soil Survey Program will enhance evaluation of the effects of conservation practices on soil health, soil erosion, carbon sequestration, and other resource issues. The Snow Survey and Water Supply Forecasting Program will enhance data collection and analysis to provide estimates of water availability, drought conditions, and flooding potential to water users…and to water managers….”
U.S. Forest Service requested $9.1B, including allocations of $400M for wildland fire risk management, $100M for climate reclamation, $84M for climate resilience, $37M for climate science, and $5M for establishing climate hubs across the country.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)
U.S. EPA requested $11.2B, including $116M for the Science and Technology program research on safe and sustainable water resources -- to “produce robust research and scientific analyses for decision-making and inventive, practical solutions for the Agency and its stakeholders to protect and restore America’s watersheds and water infrastructure.” This includes efforts to address per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), lead, harmful algal blooms, and wastewater problems. It also includes $6.4M for research on contaminants in drinking water.
Other requests include $218.5M for Surface Water Protection Programs, $118M for Drink Water Protection, $180M for Nonpoint Source (Section 319) grants, and $32M for the National Estuary Program.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (USACE)
The Corps requested $1.8B for construction of commercial navigation, flood and storm damage reduction, and aquatic ecosystem restoration projects, and another $2.5B for operation and maintenance of existing projects.
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA)
NASA Earth Science requested $2.25B, including $119.4M for the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, Ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission which helps identify the extent and duration of harmful algal blooms.
The budget increases are intended to “enhance NASA’s ability to address important climate research priorities such as coastal resilience and infrastructure, renewable energy, water availability (including subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) modeling), as well as carbon monitoring and carbon cycle science.”